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Blog posts by Marla

Lime Kiln Legacies: Ten Years Later

Posted April 27, 2017

By Frank Perry

June 2, 2017, will mark the tenth anniversary of the publication by the Museum of  the book Lime Kiln Legacies: The History of the Lime Industry in Santa Cruz County.  As one of the co-authors, I thought this would be an appropriate occasion for a retrospective.  Did the book accomplish what the authors intended?  What new discoveries have been made?  And what new resources have become available for research?

Co-author Bob Piwarzyk and I used to joke that the main reason for writing this book was so we wouldn’t have to try to remember it all.  Several of the authors had been casually gathering information on the topic for decades.  As we set out to write the book, however, it soon became apparent that there were many gaps in our knowledge that needed to be filled.  Writing the book became a tool for developing a much deeper understanding of the subject than we had previously imagined.

Our main goal was to document the many facets of this important early-day industry—geologic history, lime companies, shipping, kiln technology, people, etc.  We also hoped that by demonstrating the industry’s importance, the book would encourage the preservation of the remaining historic sites.  Indeed, that has been the case.                               Research done for the book was used to help UCSC get the Cowell Lime Works Historic District on the National Register of Historic Places.  A friends group was then formed for the district, with a mission of restoration, preservation, and education.  (I have served as president, and Bob Piwarzyk has served on the advisory board since its founding.) With the help of donations and volunteer labor by students and members of the community, restoration work was done on some of the structures; the historic Cooperage building was braced; interpretive signs were placed around the district; and a member newsletter was launched with articles that dig even deeper into the history of the site.  A series of archaeological digs were conducted by students, including some as part of a class in field archaeology (with Lime Kiln Legacies as a text).

The Friends raised money for HABS (Historic American Building Survey) documentation of the historic Hay Barn, which was eventually restored for use by the Center for Agroecology and Sustainable Food Systems.  By holding events such as tours of the district, a conference on the history of lime manufacturing in California, and two local History Fairs, the Friends have continued to boost public awareness of this historic industry.  All of these efforts would have been much more difficult if not impossible without Lime Kiln Legacies as the foundation.

In 2013-2014 the book provided the basis for a traveling exhibition, “Crystals, Caves, and Kilns,” held at the Santa Cruz Museum of Natural History and the San Lorenzo Valley Museum, with support of the San Lorenzo Water District. An inventory and tour of lime-related historic sites on District lands was also conducted.

Since the publication of the book, several people have come forward who had parents or grandparents involved with the lime industry.  These people have generously shared family stories and marvelous historic photographs unknown to us when we did the book.  These have further enriched our understanding of the local lime industry and especially the contributions of immigrant lime workers.

Advances in technology have revolutionized historical research over the past ten years.  Resources such as census records and old newspapers, which had to be examined on spools of microfilm at the library, are now available online.  Perhaps even more importantly, these are now searchable.  No longer is it necessary to scroll through page after page of census records struggling to find a particular person or family.

Co-author Mike Luther read through every issue of the Santa Cruz Sentinel for the first decade or so of its publication, but it was impractical to read every issue after that.  We relied heavily on the work of the Santa Cruz Newspaper Indexing Project and searching for articles around key dates.  With the digitizing of the Sentinel, however, it is now possible to locate hundreds of articles previously unknown to us by searching for key words.  These have filled in more of the picture, providing additional facts and interesting details about the people and the process.

It took five years to research and write Lime Kiln Legacies.  We were glad when the book was published and the project was “over.”  In many ways, however, publication of the book was just a beginning.  It launched us into new projects and new discoveries. It has been especially rewarding to see others become interested in the subject, especially college students.  The industry that lasted for a century may ultimately take a century’s worth of research to fully understand it. There can be no doubt that the future will bring more exciting finds and new insights.

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MAH Journal Unites Congregations

Posted November 14, 2016

by Joan Gilbert Martin, editor Do You Know My Name?


On Sunday, November 6, the MAH History Journal, Do You Know My Name? became the catalyst for uniting two congregations, one white and one black. This came about because of articles in our journal on the founding of Calvary Episcopal Church in 1863 and the founding of Progressive Missionary Baptist Church a hundred years later in 1963. As it happens, the churches are neighbors: the Calvary Church at 523 Center Street and the Progressive Church across the street at 517 Center.

After reading about the churches, members of the Calvary Church had an idea. They asked me and two other journal authors to speak at a gathering in their Parish Hall about the history of these churches. And then they asked the congregation of the Progressive Church to join us for the talks and refreshments. The Progressive congregation came, and it was a joyous occasion.

samuel-jacksonAs editor, I discussed the journal’s focus on the history of unknown people who lived in our county. Then I passed around a copy of the journal to see who could find the cover photographs of Eliza and Joseph Boston, founders of the Calvary Church, and the Reverend Samuel Jackson, first pastor of the Progressive Church. The congregations joined forces and picked them out from the many cover images that included a number of white women, several black pastors, and a few black baseball players.


Dana Bagshaw who wrote the article “The Bostons,” spoke of her research on the young couple who founded the Calvary church. She told how Eliza and Joseph started a church despite great personal difficulties including madness and suicide in the family and the death of their only son. Dana’s research also led her to the strong possibility that young Eliza (Miss Lizzie Bull) became an abolitionist while growing up in Canandaigua, New York, and that both the Bostons were abolitionists while living here in Santa Cruz.

Stanley D. Stevens who wrote the article “African American Churches in the City of Santa Cruz,” told two personal anecdotes. He spoke of standing in the rain after a rally and holding out his umbrella for Martin Luther King, Jr.—as he said, he didn’t actually meet the great man, but he did come close. He also told of attending a memorial for Reverend King at the Progressive Church shortly after King’s death. When then Reverend Cassius Ellis, asked him if he was a Christian, Stan replied: “No I am not, but I believe in the teachings of Martin Luther King.” Ellis replied: “That makes you a Christian.”

After the talks, the congregations mingled, discussing with us their newly discovered histories and enjoying the food prepared by the Calvary Church. Then we all went from the Calvary Parish Hall to the church itself, where the two congregations spontaneously raised their voices together to sing the African American Spiritual: “I’m so glad, Jesus lifted me.”

Following the event, Reverend Eliza Linley of Calvary Episcopal Church wrote me to say, “I have the sense that this will not be the last joint effort of our congregations. So thank you, thank you for bringing us together!!”


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The MAH represents at the History Fair

Posted October 17, 2016

Santa Cruz County History Fair 2016

The second Santa Cruz County History Fair, hosted again by Friends of the Cowell Lime Works, took place on October 8. It was at Louden Nelson Community Center, and featured displays and activities by more than 30 local museums, historians, historical societies, and other groups. The MAH was well represented by volunteers from many of the museum’s history groups: Publications Committee (selling the new history journal, Do You Know My Name?), Historic Landmark, and Evergreen Cemetery. Thank you to all of our wonderful volunteers who staffed the event!

This year’s fair commemorated the 150th anniversary of the establishment of Santa Cruz as an incorporated city, and the City of Santa Cruz was a co-sponsor of the event. The fair filled most of the available rooms and even hallway space at the Community Center.
“Friends” president Frank Perry (Coauthor, Lime Kiln Legacies: The History of the Lime Industry in Santa Cruz County, California) again took the lead role in organizing and running the event, as he did at last year’s inaugural History Fair. Frank estimated this year’s attendance at about 400 – about a third more than last year’s fair. The four history talks were well-attended and well-received, with standing-room-only audiences estimated at 50-70 for each presentation.


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Journal Launch Santa Cruz County History Journal 8: Do You Know My Name?

Posted September 19, 2016

Front Cover of Santa Cruz County History Journal 8, Do You Know My Name?

Front Cover of Santa Cruz County History Journal 8, Do You Know My Name?

By Joan Gilbert Martin, History Journal 8 Editor

On September 2, 2016, a large First Friday crowd gathered in the MAH auditorium to hear short talks by three local historians who contributed to the latest MAH History Journal, Do You Know My Name?Martin Rizzo asked do you know the names of the Native Americans who assassinated Padre Quintana at the Santa Cruz Mission? Lisa Robinson asked do you know the names of some early eccentrics who enlivened the history of the San Lorenzo Valley? Conor O’Brien asked do we know the names of a Santa Cruz family who entertained themselves with games and visits and movies in the early days of the twentieth century.

These are just a few of the questions answered in this lively journal that tells the stories of men and women who were not in the mainstream of Santa Cruz County history, who were unknown, overlooked, or discriminated against.

Other stories answered other questions: Who were the group of squatters evicted from Rancho Bolsa del Pájaro (site of the city of Watsonville) following a quarrel between two brothers? Why did an early Hispanic settler in the Villa de Branciforte lose his standing in the community following statehood? Why did so many of the children buried at Evergreen cemetery die of so-called “natural deaths?” What were the names of the men who played on an all-black baseball team here in Santa Cruz? Who were the men and women who established the first black church in Santa Cruz? And, who were some other folk who once lived in our community, but whose stories have never been told?

Louis Berry, catcher on the all black Santa Cruz baseball team, the “California Giants,” 1909. (McKean Photo)

Louis Berry, catcher on the all black Santa Cruz baseball team, the “California Giants,” 1909. (McKean Photo)

The plan for this unorthodox history journal began over two years ago when Lisa Robinson, chair of the MAH Publications Committee, attended a memorial for the late historian Phil Reader. Phil was a local boy who spent his life researching and writing about people marginalized in their lifetime and often neglected or misrepresented by later historians. If Phil thought someone had been victimized, even if it was a hundred years ago, he set out to research their life and bring them retroactive justice. Hearing about Phil’s people, Lisa said, “Here are the subjects of our next journal.”

At the launch ceremony, authors were on hand to sign journals for the audience. Joan Gilbert Martin, editor of this eighth journal, presented Phil’s widow, Lorraine Reader, with the gift of a hardbound edition of the journal. Joan is a longtime member of the Publications Committee, a contributor to many of MAH’s preceding seven journals, and also was editor of History Journal 6, Pathways to the Past.

We are thrilled that so many attended in appreciation of this important addition to the unknown history of Santa Cruz County.

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